Conclusion

The statistical study of a relatively large sample of Divi series antoniniani, using the methods described, allowed us to estimate to volume of die production and overall emission, showing the relative rarity of the different restored emperors, and demonstrating their initial unequal presence and the absence of any selective reduction over time.

Non-statistical information has also been drawn from the database in the form of a series of die-link trees.  These die-links show continuity in the mint indicating that the Divi series coins were all produced within a single officina.  This supports the proposed chronology of coin production and the estimates of the die use.

The study the known hybrids and by an analysis of related hoards provided additional evidence for dating the interval of production.  This confirmed stylistic and historical arguments that dated initial striking to the reign of Trajan Decius and continuation of the series into the reign of Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian, whose hybrids are linked with other coins of the data base.

The initial production of Divi series coinage corresponds then, to the reign of Trajan Decius, being conceptually related to the millennium celebration of Rome and the will of the empire to recover a prestige that guaranteed a political, social, economic and religious stability that the seemed to have been lost.

A few weeks into reign of Trajan Decius the well-known and extensive persecution to the Christians was ordered and it was, no doubt, a common purpose that inspired Decius’ to adopt the name of the emperor who had expanded the empire to its farthest reaches, and to advance a cult of tradition on his coinage .  But the historical context of the period was an overriding factor, which cut short his reign and all attempts to establish a parallel between two moments of the empire separated by a century and a half.

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